The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals.
Blacks have received awards in three of six award categories: eleven in Peace, three in Literature, and one in Economics. The first black recipient, American Ralph Bunche, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1950. The most recent, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee, were awarded their Peace prizes in 2011.
Those awarded the Nobel Peace Prize were: Ralph Bunche, Inkosi Albert John Luthuli, Martin Luther King Jr., Anwar El Sadat, Desmond Tutu, Nelson Mandela, Kofi Annan, Wangari Maathi, Barack Obama, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, and Leymah Gbowee.
Those awarded with the Nobel Prize in Literature were: Wole Soyinka of Nigeria, Derek Walcott of St. Lucia and the United States, and Toni Morrison of the United States. Sir William Arthur Lewis is the only black to have received a Nobel Prize in Economics.
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